Carvings and mosaics of Morocco

Moroccan Politics and Language

Officially the Kingdom of Morocco, Morocco is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert.

Morocco has a population of over 39 million and an area of 446,550 km squared. Its political capital is Rabat. Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, African, and European influences.

Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military.

Morocco’s predominant religion is Islam, while the official languages are Berber and Moroccan Arabic, referred to as Darija. French is also widely spoken. English is only spoken in touristic areas, and having some experience with French will help you greatly.


At an average elevation of 466 metres (1529 feet) Morocco’s climate is certainly diverse – from Mediterranean, to High Mountain and Plateau, to Steppe, and to Hot Desert. Overall the climate could be classified as moderate and subtropical, cooled by breezes off the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean.

The time of year will affect greatly the weather here. Visiting in summer months can bring temperatures as high as 40degrees Celsius. In the mountains or desert at night, outside of summer, get quite cold and in the mountains you’ll find rain and snow.

Basically, summer months will be hot and generally dry. Outside of that, prepare for all types of climates wet and dry, hot and cool.